THE EFFECT OF USING FOUR-SQUARE WRITING METHOD ON STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY AND VOCABULARY MASTERY AT SMK NURUL FALAH PEKANBARU
This research aims to find out the students’ writing ability category, to find out the students’ vocabulary mastery category, to find out whether the using of Four-Square Writing method can give the significant effect on students’ writing ability in descriptive text and to find out what extent the using of Four-Square Writing method gives the significant effect on students’ vocabulary mastery. The study of this research is quasi-experimental research that pre – test and post test deign are used in this research. The sample of this research is the first year students at SMK Nurul Falah Pekanbaru. They are experimental class and control class. The data were collecting by using writing in descriptive text and vocabulary tests. Four-Square Writing method was used by this research. The result of this research shows that 1. There is significant effect on implementing treatment of Four-Square Writing method toward students’ writing ability for experimental group. The T-test result was 19,868, its df was 28, comparing number of significance. If probability >0.05 null hypothesis (H0) is rejected. If probability <0.05, alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted. Because the significance was 0.000 < 0.05, thus, Ha was accepted while Ho was rejected. 2. There is significant effect on implementing treatment of GRASP strategy toward students’ vocabulary mastery for experimental class. The t-test result was 12,231,, its was df 28, by comparing number of significance. Because the significance was 0.000 < 0.05, thus, Ha was accepted while Ho was rejected.
Algaze, Louis, et al. 2005. Improving Persuasive Writing Through the Use of the Four-Square Writing Method. Retrieved: December 20, 2016 from:http:// americanshs.org/Improving+Persuasive+Through+the+Use+of+the+Four+Square+Writing+Method.
Amri, S. (2017). An Inquiry On The Students’ Writing Competence of Analytical Exposition Text. EJI (English Journal of Indragiri): Studies in Education, Literature, and Linguistics, 1(2), 63-77. https://doi.org/10.32520/eji.v1i2.225
Bartholamae, Megan, et al. 2010. Bringing Four Square Writing to Life. Retrieved: December 20, 2016 from: http://www.d46.k12.il.us/2011conference/pdf/454squarepres.pdf
Bander, Robert .G. 1978. American English Rhetoric. Harcourt College Publishers. United States of America.
Blanchard, Karen and Cicik Kurniawan. 2005. Let’s Talk: Grade VIII for Junior High School. Pakar Karya. Bandung.
Brown. 2003. How to writing process. Retrieved: December 20, 2016 from: http://www.nadabs.tripod.com/ghaith-writing.html.
Devitt, Amy. J. 2004. Writing Genre. Southern Illinios University. United States of America.
Gay, L. R. (2000). Educational Research Competence for Analysis and Application. Prentice Hall. USA
Gould,Judith S. and Evan Jay Gould. 1999. Four-Square Writing Method. Retrieved:December20,2016from: http://pasdprofessionaldevelopment.wikispaces.com/Four+S quare+Writing.
Gould, J. S., & Evan, J. 1999. Four Square: The total writing classroom. Teaching and Learning Company. Carthage, IL.
Hatch, Evelyn and Cheryl Brown. 1995. Vocabulary, Semantics, and Language
Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hammond, Jenny. 1992. English for Social Purposes. Macquarie University. Sidney.
Harmer, Jeremy. 2001. The Practice of English Language Teaching, Third Edition. Pearson Education Limited. England.
Heaton, J.B. 1991. Writing English Language Tests. Longman. London
Hornby, AS. 1995. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Oxford University Press. New York.
Hughes, Arthur. 2003. Testing for Language Teachers. Cambridge University Press. Great Britain.
Jauhari, Otong Setyawan. 2007. Genre. CV. Yrama Widya. Bandung
Kellogg, R.T. 2008. Training writing skills: A cognitive developmental perspective. Retrieved: December 20,2016 from: email@example.com
Langan, John. 2006. English Skill. McGraw Hill Company. New York.
Lennenberg. 1992. Writing skill. Retrieved: June 15, 2016, from: http://www.concept-practiceofwritingskill.html.
Luban, Gwen, et al. 2006. The Importance of Four Square Writing Organizer to Writing Improvement. Retrieved: December 20, 2013 from: http://www.oaisd.org/downloads/instructional_services__action_research/3_the_importance_of_a_four_square_writing_organizer_to_writing_improvementdoc_20090610_152119_76.pdf
Nunan. 1991. Guided of writing.Bumi Aksara. Bandung.
Nunan, David. 1998. The Learner Center Curriculum. Cambridge University Press. Great Britain.
Nunan, David. 1989. Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. Cambridge University Press. Great Britain.
Oshima Alice. 1991. Writing Academic English. Pearson Longman. New York.
Oshima Alice. 1999. Introduction to Academic Writing. Pearson Longman. New York.
Pardiyono. 2010. The Art of Teaching. Andi Offset. Yogyakarta.
Procter, Paul. 1978. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. New York: Longman Group, Ltd.
Reid, Joy M. 1994. The Process of Paragraph Writing. Prentice Hall Regents. United States of America.
Richards, Jack.C. 2001. Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge Language Education. United States of America.
Robert A. 1982. How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper. Oryx Press. United States.
Schmitt, Norbert & Mc Charty, Michael. 1997. Vocabulary: Description Acquisition and Pedagogy. Cambridge University Press.
Tijani, Ganiyu., and Ogbaje, Mandy. 2013. Using Four Square Technique of Writing to Solve Problems of Paragraph Fragmentation: A Nigeria-Ghana Experiment. Retrieved: December 20, 2016 from: http://international-journalcomapp.org// Using+Four+Square+Technique+of+Writing+to+Solve+Problems+of+Paragraph+Fragmentation.
Troyka,L. 1987. Defining basic writing in context, InT. Enos(Ed.), A sourcebook fOl' basic writing teachers. Random House. New York.
Copyright (c) 2021 FELCI TRIA SAUHANA
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.