• Rania Saber Ahmed Abdel Rahim Jamia Milia Islamia University, English Department
Keywords: Confessional poetry, Robert Lowell, Poetic Volume Life Studies, New Historicism, Historical Aspects.


Robert Lowell, the iconic American Poet, moves with his
Confessional poetry, notably the poetic volume Life Studies (1959)
from the “raw” to the “cooked”. Confessional poetry is similar to
the art of confession. Moreover, the historical poetic pieces
implied more than the mere gathering of fact and figures. For
Lowell history manifested itself in the affairs of men and it is a
persistent and violent force. Such a view is not entirely optimistic,
springing directly from this view is Lowell's deep sense of loss,
failure, alienation, helplessness and a feeling of entrapment in a
world not of his making. In the light of the New Historicism
approach, Lowell managed to perceive the literary text as a
communal product which sought to reconnect itself to its cultural
context. He did not think only of the past but took history forward
into the present with all its discourse on culture, and its
components, religious and political tradition of the place itself.
Hence, in order to study the confessional poetry, historical aspects
and the consequences of their psychoanalytic literary approach
objectively play a significant role.


Abrams, M.H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Boston: Cornell University,

, 290.

---. ''On Political Readings of Lyrical Ballads''. Doing Things with Texts. Ed.

Michael Fisher. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989, 365.

Alvarez, Al. Risky Business: People, Pastimes, Poker and Books. London:

Bloomsbury, A&C Black, 2012, 201.

Ashton, Jennifer, ed. The Cambridge Companion to American Poetry since

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 33.

Axelrod, Steven Gould. “Between Modernism and Postmodernism: The

Cold War Poetics of Bishop, Lowell, and Ginsberg.” Illinois: Pacific

Coast Philology, Northwestern University, 2007. 10.

---. The Critical Response to Robert Lowell. Westport, CT: Greenwood

Press, Jan 1, 1999, 33.

---. Helen Deese, ed. Robert Lowell: Essays on the Poetry. London:

Cambridge University Press, 1989, 80.

Bainbridge, Charles. "Seeing things". The Guardian (London). 11 February

Bate, Walter Jackson. The Burden of the Past and the English Poet. London:

Chatto & Windus, 1971, 3-5.

Beach, Christopher, ed. The Cambridge Introduction to Twentieth-Century

American Poetry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003,


How to Cite
Abdel Rahim, R. S. A. (2021). A STUDY OF HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE CONFESSIONAL POETRY IN ROBERT LOWELL’S LIFE STUDIES. EJI (English Journal of Indragiri) : Studies in Education, Literature, and Linguistics, 5(1), 81-111. https://doi.org/10.32520/eji.v5i1.1284