• Melisa Renosari IAIN Bukittinggi
Keywords: Writing, Discourse Markers


This research was due to several problems found in the field; some students did not use discourse markers in writing to connect ideas. They said that they understood the lecturer's explanation about discourse markers, but they were difficult to use in the text. They had difficulty finding the appropriate discourse marker to use in the text. This study aimed to find out the kind of discourse marker students used in writing and the problems students had in using discourse markers. This research used descriptive quantitative as the research method. This study's population was 121 students in the fifth semester of the English language study program at IAIN Bukittinggi and used random sampling as a research sampling technique. The sample in this research was 24 students. In addition, data analysis was done by analyzing data, percentages and making conclusions. The researcher found some discourse markers used by students, 75% students using an elaborative marker, 64% students using an adversative marker, and 62,5% students using the causal inferential marker. Then, there were fourth problems students faced when using discourse markers. The problem was overused, non-equivalent exchange, mistranslation, misinterpreted relation.


Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue (1990). Writing in Academic English.

Amri, S. (2017). An Inquiry on the Students’ Writing Competence of Analytical Exposition Text. EJI (English Journal of Indragiri): Studies in Education, Literature, and Linguistics, 1(2), 63-77.

Barry B Powel, writing.(2012): theory and history of the technology of civilization. UK: Blackwell publishing.

Caroline T. Linse and Davis Nunan. (2005), Practical English Language Teaching, Young Learners.

Douglas Biber. (2006). University language a corpus-based study of spoken and written register.

Graham Ranger. (2018). Discourse Markers An Enunciate Approach. Library of Congress Control.

Halliday M.A.K. & Hasan, R(1976). Cohesion in English.

Hongwei Zhao. (2014). The textual function of discourse marker under the framework of relevance theory.

Jeremy Harmer. The practice of English language teaching, Ed-7.35

Li-Feng. (2010). Discourse Markers in English Writing. The Journal of International Social Research.

Jean E.Fox Tree. (2014). Discourse markers in writing. Reprints and permissions:

Jozsef Horvath. (2001). Advanced Writing in English as a foreign language. The University of Peck.

Laurel J Brinton. (1996). Pragmatic Markers in English Grammaticalization and Discourse Functions. New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Dat.

Lucile Chanquoy. (2001). Through The Models Of Writing. Springer science business media, b.v.

Li-Feng. (2010).Discourse Markers in English Writing.The Journal of International Social Research.Volume 3 / 11.1

Miriam Urgelles Coll. (2010). The Syntax and Semantics of Discourse Markers. New York. Miriam Urgelles Coll,

Meredith D Gall. (2003). al., Educational Research: an introduction, (Pearson education, inc.

Nur Mukminatien. (2016). Students' Ability in Using Discourse Marker to build coherence in writing. Teflin Journal. Volume 27, 20.

Norman Blake. (2003). Analyzing Quantitative Data. (London: SAGE Publication.).

Simone Muller. (2005). Discourse marker in native and nonnative English discourse. Amsterdam. John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Svetlana V. Kogut. (2015). Types of Discourse Markers: their Ethnocultural Diversity in Scientific Text. International Conference for International Education and Cross-cultural Communication.

Setyosari Punaji.(2010). Methode Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembangan.

Sugiyono.(2011).Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta Bandung.Bandung.

Syahrul,widya Astuti.(2018) An Analysis of Students’ Anxiety in Academic Writing at Sixth Semester Students Of English Education Department in Iain Bukittingi Academic Year 2017/2018, IAIN Bukittinggi, educative journal: Vol 1, (1).

Widya Safitri.(2016) The implementation of the genre-based approach in teaching writing at SMA 4 Solok, IAIN Bukittinggi, Journal Polingua: Vol 5 (2).

How to Cite
Renosari, M. (2021). ANALYSIS OF DISCOURSE MARKERS USED IN WRITING AT FIFTH SEMESTER STUDENTS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION SECTION IN IAIN BUKITTINGGI. EJI (English Journal of Indragiri) : Studies in Education, Literature, and Linguistics, 5(1), 48-55.